Monday, August 24, 2020
Moral Case Study - Essay Example Deontological standards center around the idea of obligation instead of any idea of right or wrong. Regarding the case, there are two sorts of deontological moral hypotheses, obligation speculations and rights hypotheses. Obligation speculations imply an activity as being ethically right in the event that it is as per some rundown of commitment and obligations. Right hypotheses is an activity is ethically right in the event that it is sufficiently regards the privilege everything being equal. On the other hand, the two kinds of weighty moral speculations that are identified with the contextual analysis incorporate utilitarianism and moral selfishness. Utilitarianism expresses that individuals are driven by their feelings of trepidation and interests. Notwithstanding, their inclinations supplant their feelings of trepidation. A gathering of individuals can seek after their joy while harming others. Moral selfishness is an important hypothesis that recommends activity that can either b e useful or hindering to the government assistance of others. The deontological moral hypothesis, obligation hypothesis was not executed by J.L mother. In spite of the way that, she is a medical attendant in a similar emergency clinic that J.L went to look for treatment, she could have regarded the patient bill of rights. At the point when J. L was in the crisis room, her mom could have given her protection. The staff accepted that the mother needed to remain even without looking for the patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ consent. The obligations of a medical caretaker are to rehearse secrecy with a patient. This obviously shows her privileges are being abused as for the rights hypotheses. The medical attendants ought to have done the important tests to preclude a chance of a ruptured appendix. The medical caretaker defers her treatment for around two hours, shaming their expert code of morals that advocates for legitimate complete consideration towards a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s ailment. Because of a lost e xample, the attendants settled on a pelvic test that was horrible to the patient. This is likewise observed as an infringement of her privileges. The reports showing that the patient was uncooperative delineated that the ethical privileges of the medical caretaker were not followed. The pregnant test done against J.L authorization was additionally not an ethically moral act. In the wake of experiencing such a difficulty, the medical caretakers didn't suggest any type of treatment. This was an infringement of the nursing code of morals. The medical attendants were centered around the idea of obligation as opposed to any idea of right or wrong (Marcum, 2010). On the off chance that the considerable hypothesis, which decides the rightness or the misleading quality in any activity were utilized in this situation, J. L would have gotten better sort of treatment. J.L mother ought to have helped her little girl in the application and given her bill of rights to peruse. Secrecy is a basic i ssue particularly when it is worries with somewhere in the range of ones wellbeing. The staff that was rewarding J.L ought to have analyzed her alone. Utilitarianism was plainly actualized as the attendant led a pregnancy test on a patient without his endorsement (Pozgar, 2007). They led this test on the thought that numerous underage young ladies have Ã¢â¬Å"immaculate conceptionsÃ¢â¬ on the occasion they report stomach torments. Moral pride could have been actualized on the occasion J.L didn't reveal to her mom the analysis of her stomach torment. Since, she is an attendant at that medical clinic; she would have effectively gotten to that data. The deferral in the assessment and absence of any solution for the agony by the clinical staff bolsters the
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Contextual investigation Analysis Paper COMM/215 Oct 20, 2014 Winifred Donnelly ? Contextual investigation Analysis Paper For the situation study, Carl is another selection representative for ABC Inc. After being doled out to his position, he beat desires by effectively recruiting a few new individuals notwithstanding his absence of time at work. Along these lines, he most likely feels a ton of strain to succeed and keep on performing superior to his past endeavors consistently. He has committed various errors for the situation study and is at a misfortune regarding what he ought to do straightaway. In particular, well gander at the errors Carl made, what he should. have done in any case, and the choices he has accessible to him presently to address the errors hes made. As a matter of first importance, Carl began wrong by guaranteeing Monica that everything would be dealt with in time and leaving it at that. There is a lot engaged with ensuring each recruit has their applications and resumes rounded out and submitted effectively. Also, sedate screening is something that must be done at an affirmed office for your organization or enterprise since there are potential legitimate issues if the urinalysis tests are done at your place of business. Indeed, even hospitalsÃ¢ send their workers urinalysis containers to other clinical offices to have them checked as opposed to doing the medication screening at their own office however there are organizations that are offering nearby medication testing (OHS Health and Safety Services, Inc. , 2014). Physicals are additionally a potential migraine to plan for even one individual, not to mention a gathering of individuals. Once in a while does it ever appear that a specialist isnt caught up with accomplishing something. Individuals are continually becoming ill, harmed or kicking the bucket and its the specialists obligation to assist them with night if that implies making their demise less excruciating for them. Attempting to get a doctorÃ¢ to lead a physical isnt fundamentally troublesome, one simply needs to plan the arrangement a month or two ahead of time which Carl didn't do. With respect to the booklets, leaflets, and manuals, Carl ought to have investigated escaping as opposed to brushing it off. This specific issue isnt very as desperate as the medication screening or the physical, however it will take anyplace from a couple of days to up to seven days to get all the writing he is going to requirement for the fresh recruits. At long last, he ought to have de-clashed the preparation study hall plan with different divisions in the organization. In anyÃ¢ organization, there is a requirement for a study hall condition that is helpful for adapting however it doesnt benefit you in any way on the off chance that another person is utilizing the study hall when you need it. Considering this, there was a calendar on the divider that Carl checked when he went to the study hall that anticipated out for at any rate a month or two. Carl stood by too long to even consider getting his booking set in the schedule in light of the fact that Joe has the space for the remainder of the month or more. Carl was looking great so far in spite of the considerable number of issues found with how he has taken care of the circumstance up until now. Carl built up himself as a fast student and diligent employee by making effective recruits so rapidly into his activity time as a selection representative. A few people would state that the activity is generally normal aptitude since it just includes conversing with individuals, yet there is significantly more to it than that. Clearly, in any case Carl would not have wound up in the chaos he is in now. On chatting with potential recruits about the organization, what they are about, what they are searching for, and how the potential recruit could fit into the activity, they need to wrap everything up by guaranteeing the recruit meets all the companys capabilities as well. In the event that the potential recruit isnt equipped for satisfying the fundamental organization guidelines of instruction, conduct, mentality, morals, and so forth then they likely won't be a beneficial individual from the workforce and its the scouts employment to discover those things out on his/her own or approach ensuring the potential recruit gets to the correct association that can locate that out. After getting the call from Monica, Carl ought to have pulled out a stack of paper, his planning schedule, and a composing utensil and made notes during his discussion with Monica. He ought to have discovered precisely what she needed to occur and give her prompt input with his own thoughts and courses of events identified with to what extent it would take to achieve a specific assignment or the time allotment he would need to prepare an individual recruit to begin working. When they had both gone to a concurrence on the arrangement they would use to prepare the recruits to become workers, they could have both hung up the telephone with a positive sentiment of achievement and comprehension. Carl ought to have begun approaching achieving said plan when he hung up with Monica. The main things to be planned ought to be the things that are the most hard to plan the physical and medication screening. With those two things off the beaten path and dealt with, Carl should ensure he gets and converses with eye to eye in any event three recruits every day to go more than 1/2 their applications and resumes to ensure they are finished and rounded out accurately. To sweeten the deal even further, if Monica had a specific configuration she wants on a resume, when Carl acquires the recruits he can help them re-compose their resumes so they meet Monicas wanted arrangement. When the arrangements have been planned and before singular gatherings with the recruits occur, homeroom space ought to be saved for the direction. On the off chance that the circumstance despite everything plays out the manner in which it is at present, at that point Carl should discover somewhere else to lead the direction except if he can work out an arrangement with Joe. Contingent upon to what extent Carl will require the study hall, maybe he can slip in, lead direction, and slip directly retreat while Joes class is out getting something to eat or out at another site doing at work preparing (OJT). At last, the writing ought to be ordered between meeting each recruit and helping them with their administrative work. On the off chance that need be, Carl can demand more writing from whichever branch of the organization gives those archives, he can arrange them himself from their distributer, or have an associate bring them down to a spot like Kinkos and get duplicates made. With the circumstance being what it is really going after now, he despite everything has a few alternatives open to him in the event that he could get himself in a perspective to remember them. The medication screening and the physicals are going to give him the hardest time so heÃ¢ should attempt to get them dealt with first. On the off chance that hes ready to plan his recruits before the direction date, at that point he is acceptable, however on the off chance that not he ought to feel free to plan them when he can and change dependent on that. The issues hes looking with the administrative work can be taken care of reasonably effectively by getting one great duplicate of every leaflet, manual, and so forth and get duplicates made or demand more from the office accountable for loading those provisions. They may not be upbeat being approached to hack up an entire chaos of writing without prior warning, that is an aspect of their responsibilities and he ought to plan something for make itÃ¢ up to them later on. It is critical to be on acceptable footing with the people who are responsible for provisions, particularly from a military outlook. To the extent discovering homeroom space, Carl should approach Joe with his concern and check whether he can accommodate his class in previously or after one of Joes classes. If not, Carl should investigate booking a gathering room like the ones most lodgings have for lease or like a few cafÃ©s have where the room is cut off from the remainder of the eating floor. In any case, Carl has alternatives in such manner too. Moreover, and here is the critical step, Carl is in all probability must let Monica realize that her recently recruited employees probably won't be prepared in the time allotment they recently settled upon. Because of his naivetÃ© and absence of time at work, this ought not be a vocation ender for Carl however it isnt going to make Monica content with him. On the off chance that Carl can even now get everything all together so as to lead the direction on the date he consented to with Monica, at that point everything is acceptable. Carl is in an extreme position, yet hes not out of the battle yet. Carl made someÃ¢ mistakes, for the most part because of inability or maybe he got arrogant in the wake of excelling on his past selecting situation. So as to financially recover and conceal any hint of failure, Carl has a few unique courses he can take to get his crucial. Eventually, Carl ought to give a valiant effort to right his wrong, get his crucial, gain from his mix-ups and proceed. References University of Phoenix. (2014) Week Two enhancement, Case Study for Student Analysis. Electronically recovered October 19, 2014 from University of Phoenix, Week Two, Resource. COMM215 Essential of College Writing OHS Health and Safety Services, Inc.. (2014). On location medicate testing administrations versus facility administrations. Recovered from http//www. ohsinc. com/on_site_drug_testing_onsite_drug_test_specimen_collection_CH ART. htm PAGE 6 PAGE MERGEFORMAT 1 Y, dXiJ(x(? I_TS? 1EZBmU/xYy5g/GMGeD3Vqq8K)fw9 xrxwrTZaGy8IjbRcXI u3KGnD1NIBs RuKV. ELM2fi? V? vlu8zH (W uV4(Tn 7_m-UBww_8(/0hFL)7iAs),Qg20ppf DU4p MDBJlC5 2FhsFYn3E6945Z5k8Fmw-dznZ? xJZp/P,)KQk5qpN8KGbe Sd17? paSR 6Q POWERED BY TCPDF (WWW. TCPDF. Organization).
Friday, July 24, 2020
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Friday, May 22, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"What brings children to the parkÃ¢â¬ is a study conducted by Loukaitou-Sideris and Sideris Ã¢â¬Å"aimed to understand how park visitation patterns differ between boys and girls, among children of different races and ethnicities, and between inner-city and suburban children. The study surveyed children and their parents in 12 middle schools and analyzed the results. The study also included an observation of children at 50 inner-city and 50 suburban parks and used multiple regression models containing park and neighborhood level variables to relate them to the numbers of children using parksÃ¢â¬ (Loukaitou-Sideris and Sideris, 2009). This particular study used a sample from Los Angeles to collect data. Because the sample was taken only from LosÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"From the total of 100 parks, two parks were excluded as outliers, because soccer and baseball tournaments were occurring during some observation sessions, bringing a much higher number of children to these parksÃ¢â¬ (Loukaitou-Sideris and Sideris 2009). I think this was a good decision by Loukaitou-Sideris and Sideris as if they had left these outliers in the data the data would have been skewed and completely misrepresentative of the male population, therefore also affecting the overall population. Loukaitou-Sideris and Sideris also excluded the same two parks as mentioned above from the boys model as the tournaments were boys only tournaments and would have only affected the boys model and not the girls.Three inner-city parks and one valley park were also excluded as outliers, however, Loukaitou-Sideris and Sideris did not give a r eason as to why these parks were excluded. I am interested as to why the researchers did not give a reason as to why these parks were excluded as they gave a reason as to why they excluded all the other outliers. Because the children at the 50 inner city parks and 50 suburban parks were simply observed not questioned, there is potential for a lot of confounding variables. For example, because the children were merely observed they may have been counted more than once, leading to false information. Because the researchers were observing there was no way they would have known the childÃ¢â¬â¢sShow MoreRelatedPark Sociology1244 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"What Brings Children to the ParkÃ¢â¬ is a study conducted by Loukaitou-Sideris and Sideris. The study looks at how park visitation patterns differ between boys and girls of different races and ethnicities. The study also included an observation of children at 50 inner-city and 50 suburban parks as well as a survey of children and their parents in 12 middle schools (Loukaitou-Sideris and Sideris, 2010). Loukaitou-Sideris and SiderisÃ¢â¬â¢ study uses causal language to describe their findings, this makesRead MoreVideo Analysis on the Long Walk Home749 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSociology Midterm - Video Analysis 1. Summary: The film I chose for this analysis is The Long Walk Home, directed by Richard Pearce. This film is about Odessa, an African-American maid in the Thompson familyÃ¢â¬â¢s household in Montgomery, Alabama in the 1950s. On December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks Ã¢â¬Ërefused to obey bus driver James F. BlakeÃ¢â¬â¢s order to give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled.Ã¢â¬â¢ Ms. Parks was arrested and there followed the MontgomeryRead MoreGlobalization : Mcdonaldization Or Ikeaization?1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesinterchange rate between countries, the intricacy and magnitude of systems involved, the capacity of commerce, and the uncertainty granted an unusual cogency to the term Ã¢â¬Å"globalizationÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Globalization, knowledge, and society: readings from International sociology,Ã¢â¬ 1990). However, in order for this process to be considered successful, companies need to approach the issue with a strategy, grasp the prime details of a culture, and recognize personal competitive advantages. If all these are achieved, IKEAizationRead MoreHumor: An Essentially Social Phenomenon1042 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesorder of society. (Kuipers, 2007) Humor is the idea that a phenomenon can be conceptualized as originating from juxtaposing two or more conceptualizations that do not normatively speak or go together. Despite the social characterization in humor, sociology, this is the idea that studies society and human behavior, has not concerned itself much with humor. Humor is considered as a form of social deviance that can lead to positive sanctions as well as negative sanctions. Humor allows individuals toRead MoreThe Effects Of Urbanization, Industrialization, And Immigration On The Chicago Neighborhood Essay1521 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In 1892, The University of Chicago became the first university in the United States of America to establish a department of sociology (Panzarella Vona, 2013). Within a couple of years, the University of Chicago would become the leading university in developing criminal theories. The top professors of the sociology department studied in France and Germany where there is an emphasis placed on the social influence in human behavior by using official records, such as court and welfare records, asRead MoreSocial Stratification: Through the eyes of TÃ ¶nnies and Park1638 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn any study of urban sociology one is bound to encounter few scholars that have contributed as greatly to our current understanding of the structure and evolution of society as have Ferdinand TÃ ¶nnies and Robert Park. Both born in the late nineteenth century and living well into the first part of the 20th century, affording each an opportunity to experience radical industrial growth, political a nd economic upheaval, and the first great international war. Despite these similarities, each theoristRead MoreThe Role Of Community On Natural Resources Conservation Essay925 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCleaver KM, Schreiber GA (1994). Reversing the spiral: The population, agriculture, and environment nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa. The World Bank. Washington DC. Coleman, J. S. 1988. Social capital in the Creation of Human Capital: American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 94, Supplements95-s120. Dugan, jpg.1990. Wetland conservation: A Review of current issue and Action IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. Fabricus, C., Koch, E.Magome.H. And Turner, S. (Eds) 2004. Rights, Resources and Rural Development: community basedRead MoreThe Development of the Chicago Schools1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdepartment of Sociology in 1892 its focus related to issues in Criminology and Sociology, with interests in and towards Social Psychology along with Urban Sociology. The main focus of the Chicago school was that human behaviour was both formed and shaped by the environment. T he social and the physical environment, that an individual resides in and that it was environment over genes that was the primary determinant to behaviour among humans. It was a man by name of Robert E. Park coined the termRead MoreWar : What Is It Good For?1386 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSean Younce Professor Pokas Sociology 101 24 Jun 2015 War: What is it Good for? The three major sociological perspectives have conflicting viewpoints about warfare. The three sociological perspectives provide different interpretations of war. The Structural Functionalists focus on how war unites different peoples as they must work together to survive, as well as how war in general protect the freedom of the masses. Conflict Theorists focus on how militarism runs the world, from creating warRead MoreBlack History954 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction to Sociology Instructor: Jeanette Maxey November 11, 2012 Theorists of Choice W.E.B Du Bois Sociology is the study of group behavior through the use of scientific investigation and research (Vissing, 2011). This class has shown so many different views on sociology. It explains how different people see society and how they live and interact with them. My theorist of choice is W.E.B Du Bois, because he laid down the foundation for the study of black sociology and the work of
Thursday, May 7, 2020
Essays on Marsh supermarket Case Study and Marsh supermarket The Marsh Supermarkets is one of the biggest chain stores on the United States of America and even the entire world. The chain store operates more than one hundred and seventeen supermarkets. The major problem that the Marsh Supermarkets is facing is the increasing rate of fall or deterioration in sales. This has been attributed to a number of factors, but the major one is due to shifts in consumer behavior. The shifts in the behavior of consumers was largely caused by the recessions or financial crisis that hit the world, and more so the economy of the United States of America, which had substantial effects of the incomes of many individuals. Another thing that to some great extent led to reduced sales was stiff competition from the rival corporations such as the Wal-Mart and Kroger. Consequently, the company decided to carry out a study to fond out exactly the kind of goods or items that were performing badly in the market, and to what extent it had gone. The research that was conducted by the company was also aimed at trying to find out the possible solutions to the crisis or problems that is was facing. The study lasted for a period of sixty five days, and the UPC scanners that were fitted in all the test stores recorded sales of seventeen thousand, two hundred and twenty six different SKUs in one hundred and twenty key product categories (Don 6). The research operations department of the company recorded all the costs, which included store transportation and warehouse, inventory, occupancy and labor. The calculation of DPC was one of the most difficult procedures in the study. Nonetheless, we find that the items that appeared to record the highest DPCs were perishable or fragile merchandise, slow-moving goods, and labor intensive departments and products. For instance, charcoal scored a high of $0.37 DPC per unit, while the disposable diapers scored a low of $0.70 DPC per unit (Don 6). Some categories such as cosmetics and alcoholic beverages had poor scores of sales-per-foot, at $7.45 as well as $0.69 respectively. Whereas the average sales per client scores a low of $12.51, the results indicate that they actually spent the most per item, which stood at $2.50 and purchased a disproportionate share of items of high profits such as milk and commercial bread. The research had gone for a period of nearly one and quarter years to get completed and had captured about 98 million dollars in sales (Don 9). From the study carried out by the company and the results obtained, we find that they give a clear guideline for what should be done to save the situation. From the steady depreciation of falls after analyzing the behavior of consumers, I believe it is important for the company to embark on aggressive promotion and advertisement. The company should create awareness of its items, accompanied by their respective prices so that the consumers can be able know where to find them as well as compare them with competitors. Work cited Don E. Marsh Supermarkets, Inc. (A): The Marsh Super Study, 1995. Print.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(43) " him that he even offered a piece of cake\." The definition of loneliness is the feeling of Ã¢â¬Å"sadness because one has no friends or company,Ã¢â¬ according to the dictionary. Many people feel lonely from time to time. Most often people are lonely because their friends are not available at the time or that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have any friends at all. We will write a custom essay sample on What is Loneliness? or any similar topic only for you Order Now People crave friendship and time with friends, but when being alone for a certain amount of time, people can feel lonely, (Marano, Hara). Furthermore, there are two type of loneliness:. sState loneliness and trait loneliness. Ã¢â¬Å"State loneliness usually occurs when a person move to a new place, like the person might move to a new city to work or to study,Ã¢â¬ (When Trait and State Loneliness Come Together). On the other hand, Ã¢â¬Å"In trait loneliness, the inherent traits of the person make him/her feel lonely,Ã¢â¬ (When Trait and State Loneliness Come Together). In other words, state loneliness is temporary, while trait loneliness is built-into a person and lasts a long time. State loneliness also largely depends on the situation a person is in. For example, a person could experience state loneliness when they move to a new school, as everything will be unfamiliar to them. However, trait loneliness has nothing to do with the situation a person is in. This is because their built-in traits and personality cause them to constantly feel lonely.CausesThere are quite a few reasons as to why someone might feel lonely. Gary J. Kennedy states that a person can feel lonely Ã¢â¬Å"due to death, geographic changes, or Ã¢â¬Ëlost contact.'Ã¢â¬ For instance, examples of death may be the death of a loved one, and having feelings of loss and grief for a period of time. Additionally, an example of a geographic change might be moving to a new state or country. People may also feel lonely because Ã¢â¬Å"they simply donÃ¢â¬â¢t see or talk to anyone very oftenÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"even though they are surrounded by people, they donÃ¢â¬â¢t feel understood or cared for,Ã¢â¬ (How to Cope With Loneliness). Furthermore, people who have friends may also feel lonely. The article Ã¢â¬Å"How to Cope With LonelinessÃ¢â¬ states, Ã¢â¬Å"You might feel that you have plenty of connections, but what is actually wrong is that you donÃ¢â¬â¢t feel close to them, or they donÃ¢â¬â¢t give you the care and attention you need.Ã¢â¬ All in all, there are many different ways a person could feel lonely. Physical EffectsFor starters, loneliness has physical effects on the human body. According to Gary Kennedy, loneliness can cause changes in the cardiovascular, hormonal, immune systems. For instance, people could experience heart damage, bone/muscle loss, higher infection risk, and frailty. In addition, the elderly have a higher chance of experiencing any of these risks. Furthermore, loneliness encourages artery erosion, high blood pressure, blood vessel damage, and deficient sleep. Turhan Canli, a professor of psychology and psychiatry, claims that Ã¢â¬Å"other illnesses and disorders are exacerbated in the presence of subjected social isolation.Ã¢â¬ In other words, loneliness has the capability of worsening previously owned illnesses and disorders. To illustrate, people who have Dementia could experience worsened symptoms if they are isolated for too long. The effects can be seen throughout the elder as feeling loneliness raises the risk of Dementia by 64%. Furthermore, there is also an increased risk of heart disease. Short term inflammation is crucial for the body to fight off infections, but when one is isolated for too long the inflammation turns chronic. Damaging the bodies tissues and blood vessels making them vulnerable to strokes heart attacks and other heart complications.(Biswas, 2015)Social EffectsAs most people already know, loneliness is a huge social problem. In fact, Ã¢â¬Å"According to researcher John Cacioppo at the University of Chicago, 20 percent of all people are unhappy because of social isolation at any given moment,Ã¢â¬ (Edmonds, Molly). Another statistic says that 1 in 5 Americans often experience loneliness. According to Hara Marano, psychologists have found that people have a Ã¢â¬Å"fundamental need for inclusion in group life and for close relationships.Ã¢â¬ That means that us humans need to have relationships in order to even survive. When we fulfill our social needs, itÃ¢â¬â¢s noticeably easier to motivate ourselves and overcome challenges.When a person experiences excessive loneliness during childhood, they are more likely to be antisocial their entire life. As a matter of fact, most school dropouts happen because students failed to be social as children. Ã¢â¬Å"It sets in motion a course on which children spin their way to outcast status and develop delinquency and other forms of antisocial behavior,Ã¢â¬ (Marano, Hara).Mental EffectsAlong with having physical effects, loneliness can also affect a person mentally. To start off, there is a great correlation between loneliness and stress, as loneliness often leads to higher stress levels. In more intense conditions, loneliness can cause depression. This includes feelings of hopelessness, increased disability, weight fluctuations, bad sleep, suicidal thoughts, and more. The increase of stress levels causes excess stress hormones to be released, which can have a negative effect on the mind. For example, stress hormones can rewire the brainÃ¢â¬â¢s hippocampus, the region of the brain mostly used for memory, emotions, navigation, etc. These hormones can affect a personÃ¢â¬â¢s perception, Carol Schaeffer claims. She says that Ã¢â¬Å"The Ã¢â¬Ëinternal GPSÃ¢â¬â¢ of the brain is disturbed, depth perception is altered and where the body lies in relation to other objects in space in uncalibratedÃ¢â¬ (Schaeffer, Carol). In simpler terms, the release of excess stress hormones (due to loneliness) can change the perception of surroundings and sense of direction. Extreme loneliness can also cause hallucinations, especially in those who have experienced physical isolation for an extended amount of time. One extreme case of hallucination was the incident in 1895, where Joshua Slocum was circumnavigating the globe and said that he encountered Christopher ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢ ship Ã¢â¬Å"The PintaÃ¢â¬ . Where he claimed he spoke to the pilot of the ship, and that he also navigated his ship through heavy weather while he lay ill. Another extreme case was in 1933 when Frank Smythe attempted to climb Mount Everest. Where he became so convinced that someone was traveling alongside him that he even offered a piece of cake. You read "What is Loneliness?" in category "Papers" (PsyPost, 2016) Despite the effects that feelings of loneliness can have on people, physical isolation has effects on people as well. One common example of pure isolation is solitary confinement, where prisoners are left in their prison cells for about 23 hours per day. According to Stuart Grassian, about one third of solitary inmates were Ã¢â¬Å"actively psychotic and/or suicidal.Ã¢â¬ Solitary confinement can cause panic attacks, cognitive difficulties, aggressive thoughts and fantasies, paranoia, loss of self control, oversensitivity, and hallucinations.One particular inmate that he interviewed said that he developed a strong obsession with the inability to feel his bladder was fully empty, he would stand hours on hours trying to pee. The obsessions they develop was a way for them to cope and maintain some sort of alertness.(PsyPost, 2016)Overall, the effects of physical and mental isolation are at a higher intensity than mental isolation alone because of the lack of social stimuli.Neurological Many changes occur in the brains of lonely people. For instance, studies have shown that loneliness was associated with higher levels of cortisol, often called a Ã¢â¬Å"stress hormone.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Cortisol can help control blood sugar levels, regulate metabolism, help reduce inflammation, and assist with memory formulation,Ã¢â¬ (What is Cortisol?). This is because loneliness causes stress, which then causes cortisol to be released. High levels of cortisol can lead to CushingÃ¢â¬â¢s syndrome, a syndrome that causes extreme weight gain in the face and torso.Experiments have shown that loneliness correlates with the amount of activity in the ventral striatum, a region of the brain that is linked to reward processing and plays a role in learning. For example, a study done by the University of Chicago found that when viewing pictures of people in pleasant settings, people who were deemed as Ã¢â¬Å"lonelyÃ¢â¬ showed less activity in the ventral striatum than people who were deemed as Ã¢â¬Å"not lonely.Ã¢â¬ That concludes that lonely people have a weaker reward system than non lonely people. Other experiments have shown that loneliness during childhood can cause lifelong abnormalities and cognitive problems in the brain. A professor of neurology and otolaryngology named Gabriel Corfas performed an experiment on mice to figure out the relationship between brain abnormalities and cognitive problems that were caused by loneliness. To start off, he took baby mice from their mothers when they were 21 days old. Then he put some mice in groups of 4 in a regular lab environment, some mice in a rich environment with lots of other mice, and some mice in complete isolation. After 50 days, the mice were tested on their social and memory skills. The mice from the regular and rich environments performed well, but the isolated mice struggled with both skills.Corfas then examined the miceÃ¢â¬â¢s brains and found that the mice from the regular and rich environments had no abnormalities. On the other hand, the isolated mice had stumpy oligodendrocytes. Oligodendrocytes, which are cells in the brain that support and insulate axons (axons are the long and skinny parts of a neuron that transmit information to other neurons) help speed up communication between neurons by creating supportive blankets made of myelin and wrapping them around axons. Normally, oligodendrocytes have long, complex projections, but in this case, the isolated mice had oligodendrocytes with short and simple projections. Because the mice had stumpy oligodendrocytes, the blankets of myelin that were to be wrapped around their axons were thinner, so communication between neurons in their brain was slowed. A similar experiment was done by a professor of neurology named Dr. Michael J. Zigmond. He put a group of mice in an environment where there was lots of space, interaction with other mice, and exercise opportunities. This was supposed to represent a general prison environment. On the contrary, he put another group of mice in their own separated shoeboxes with very limited space and no exercise opportunities. Ã¢â¬Å"The way the housing is set up is very much like many solitary housing arrangements,Ã¢â¬ (Zigmond, Michael). In other words, this was supposed to represent solitary confinement. Overall, Zigmond noticed that the isolated mice had simpler, less complex neurons in their brains, few connections, and communication between neurons.A study conducted on the 1950s by the University of Wisconsin psychologist Harry Harlow placed rhesus monkeys in a custom isolation chamber in the shape of an inverted pyramid. The chamber nicknamed Ã¢â¬Å"the pit of despair.Ã¢â¬ Had sides that were made very slippery making it impossible to get out. The after a day or two of research, Harlow already started seeing a change in monkeys behavior. Harlow reported that the subjects were hunched over in a corner rocking back and forth for long periods of time, circling the cage and mutilating themselves. Those who were kept in for short periods of time were able to adjust easily as opposed to those who were kept in for twelve months. Those Ã¢â¬Å"Twelve months of isolation almost obliterated the animals socially,Ã¢â¬ Harlow stated.(PBS, 2014)In addition a test conducted with 38 lonely people and 32 people non-lonely people were given words and instructed to tag them as Ã¢â¬Ësocial/positiveÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ësocial/negativeÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ënonsocial/positiveÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ënonsocial/negativeÃ¢â¬â¢ to see the different ways they responded.Ã¢â¬â¢ Subjects were attached to electrodes to read their brain waves. Lonely subjects became more attentive when were regarded as socially negative and also picked out socially threatening words more quickly. This suggesting that lonely people are subconsciously looking out for negativity. Non-lonely responded the same to both social and socially negative.(Richards, 2015) Human experiments are rare but a research conducted in 1951, researcher paid a group of male graduates to stay in small chamber for six weeks. The subjects were left in the chambers with goggles, earphones, and gloves limiting their sight, hearing, and touch. The only time they were allowed was when they had to go to the bathroom. CopingSome ways to prevent loneliness is to Ã¢â¬Å"Recognize that loneliness is a sign that something has to change.Ã¢â¬ Despite the fact that loneliness is a problem that can affect us negatively, there are many ways to cope with loneliness. What Can You Do To Help Someone Wh How to cite What is Loneliness?, Papers
Monday, April 27, 2020
Why Do Many Muslims Attach as Much Importance to Memorizing the Quran as to Studying Its Meaning Essay Example
Why Do Many Muslims Attach as Much Importance to Memorizing the Quran as to Studying Its Meaning? Essay Why do many Muslims attach as much importance to memorizing the Quran as to studying its meaning? According to the teachings of Islam the Quran is AllahÃ¢â¬â¢s eternal speech, in terms of its meaning as well as its letter and sound and is the last of the heavenly books revealed by God to the last of His messengers, Muhammad (pbuh). The Holy Quran occupies a pivotal position in Islam since it is also the book that forms basis of the religion of Islam and is its foremost source of knowledge. This is why we Muslims attach so much importance to it and show utmost respect to it. It is the book memorized, recited and studied by millions of Muslims every day. One of the specific features of the honorable Quran is that it is a Book that can be committed to memory. We Muslims have attached a great significance to memorization of the Quran for several reasons. In Arabic this process is termed hifz Al-QurÃ¢â¬â¢anÃ and the person who memorizes the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an in its entirety is referred to ashaÃ fiz Al-QurÃ¢â¬â¢an. The tradition of memorizing the Quran goes back to the time of the Prophet (saws). He himself knew Quran by heart and encouraged others to memorize of it as much as possible. We will write a custom essay sample on Why Do Many Muslims Attach as Much Importance to Memorizing the Quran as to Studying Its Meaning? specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Why Do Many Muslims Attach as Much Importance to Memorizing the Quran as to Studying Its Meaning? specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Why Do Many Muslims Attach as Much Importance to Memorizing the Quran as to Studying Its Meaning? specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer One of the essential reasons is that committing Quran to memory is one of the most dependable ways to protect it from any change or deformation. Qur`an is a major source of Islam, be it in case of doctrinal, legal, moral or any other regard. That is why committing its text to memory (hifz) is of vital importance. In addition, the Quran has to be committed to memory, or at least some of its parts, also because of worship. It is well known that every believer is obliged to practice the prescribed daily prayers regularly. In the course of those prayers it is must that something from the Quran be recited by heart. Because of that, it is necessary that every believing man and woman have some smaller or larger parts of the Quran memorized. If we also take into account the fact that, in addition to the five prescribed prayers there are also prayers established by the ProphetÃ¢â¬â¢s practice, as well as voluntary (nafl) prayers whose performance is connected particularly to nighttime, when it is recommended that as much from the Qur`an should be recited as possible, then it becomes clear how huge is the believerÃ¢â¬â¢s need to know the Quran by heart as much as he can. The Prophet (pbuh) has promised magnificent rewards for those who commit the Holy Quran to memory and this is why we Muslims lay so much stress upon its memorization. The Prophet, who was himself hafiz, encouraged others to memorize the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an, and in that respect left behind many sayings, mentioned below, which speak about the merits of that deed. In these sayings great rewards and honors are promised in the next world to those who know Quran by heart. Generally, it can be stated that all the sayings in which the Prophet (pbuh) recommends the reciting of the Qur`an and promising a reward for it, indirectly point to the fact that it is commendable to recite it by heart, because these sayings aim at encouraging believers to be always in touch with the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an. Also benefits of memorizing the Quran will be extended to the parents of the one who reads the Quran and lives in its spirit. A hadith says Ã¢â¬Å"He who learns the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an and practices upon it, his parents will be made to wear a crown on the day of Qiyamah, the brilliance of which will excel that of the sun if the same were within your worldly houses. Hence, what do you think about the person who himself acts upon it? The hadith quoted therefore commends those who regularly take the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an to read it, and announces to them a great reward in the next life. That reward will include their parents too, because they also made their contribution, by properly raising their children and teaching them the Qur`an. Moreover another hadith says Whoever reads the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an and memorizes it, while he regards what it makes lawful as lawful and itÃ¢â¬â¢s unlawful as forbidden (i. e. he practices according to it), Allah TaÃ¢â¬â¢ala will admit him into Paradise and will accept his intercession on behalf of ten such persons of his family who were doomed to the fire ofÃ Jahannam. The following hadith also points to the extraordinary honor which will be extended to those who know Quran by heart. Therefore after having quoted all these sayings it becomes indeed obvious why we Muslims attach so much importance to memorization of the Quran. The Quran is a holy book that has had a remarkable influence in shaping worldÃ¢â¬â¢s religious, political and geographical structure. . Indeed, Allah says in the Holy Quran, this is a Book full of Blessings that we have revealed unto you so people ponder upon its verses and men of intellect may reflect. Therefore Muslims attach a great importance to understanding the Quran since it contains timeless information. Quran being the word of God contains infinite wisdom and is a dynamic source of knowledge. It contains secrets inherent in its structure, and, above all, in its self, internal world and its relationship with the exalted heaven. It insists upon a journey to all parts of the earth, on the observation of the vestiges of those gone by and the inquiry about the nations, human societies and their history. Thus it invites to a study of natural and mathematical sciences, philosophy, literature and all the branches of knowledge accessible to humanity, the learning of which is in the interest of humanity and brings happiness to humanity. The Quran invites to these branches of knowledge on condition that people are guided by this knowledge to truth and know the real world which is headed by Godliness. The science of studying the Quran have a great significance for Muslims since it is a source of guidance and explains morals of life to benefits of Muslims and all mankind. It has said that whenever the affairs become dubious as a dark night on someone he should resort to the Holy Quran for it is an intercessor whose intercession is accepted and it is a witness which has been acknowledged. Whoever takes it as a guide, it will lead him to paradise and anyone turning his back on it, it will push him to the fire. It is the clearest guide towards the best ways. Whoever speaks by it shall be acknowledged and agreed with. And whoever judges on its basis, he will have done justice. And whoever acts upon it, he will be rewarded. Therefore this honorable book is important since it helps to make Muslims walk on the right path. However apart from being a guide, the Quran is also reputed for it contains cure for all ailments be it physical or spiritual. The Quran was also sent down as a healing and mercy book for believers. Therefore by studying some specific verses, we can use is to cure several physical ailments. However, most important of all, in the Quran there are some surahs which are a cure for all our spiritual ailments. Therefore, it becomes obvious that one should learn the Quran so as to seek cure from it for ailments and seek its assistance in your distresses. It contains a cure for the biggest diseases namely unbelief, hypocrisy, revolt and misguidance. In addition, it is only in the holy book that there are guides and commands for rituals and worshiping God including prayers, fasting, and pilgrimage, rules of marriage, divorce, inheritance, and finance justifying the need to study the Quran. After these sayings of the Prophet (saws),which promise such rewards and honors to those who know Qur`an by heart and to those who have studied its meaning, it is logical to expect that they will be taken by Muslims, wherever they may be living and in whatever time. Since committing the text of the Qur`an to memory brings in lots of blessings and the study of its meaning guides mankind as well as contains cure for several ailments, this is why we Muslims have always devoted so much importance to its memorization and study.